Companies that recognise the importance of ESG factors – and manage them well – are increasingly attractive to investors, while companies that fail to pay attention to ESG can be perceived as higher risk. This is causing a paradigm shift in the investment world.
Environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors are increasingly recognised as critical determinants in the success or failure of corporations of every stripe. Investors, too, are paying more attention to ESG factors because incorporating them into investment decisions can help manage risk and generate more sustainable long-term returns.
Intangible factors help determine market value
Analysing ESG factors is meant to be a supplement to, rather than a replacement for, more traditional research tools. While it is certainly always important to examine a company's balance sheet and public filings, a growing percentage of corporate assets today are of a more intangible nature.
These intangible assets include a company’s reputation, intellectual property and brand value – and many are directly related to, or affected by, mainstream ESG factors:
- Environmental – climate change, pollution, water management, biodiversity
- Social – human rights, labour relations, health and safety, community relations, diversity
- Governance – board structure and accountability, executive pay, bribery and corruption
Companies grow increasingly attractive to investors if they recognise the ESG factors relevant to their enterprises, invest in them as business opportunities and manage them well. Conversely, poorly managed companies that ignore ESG factors may be riskier investments.
As the accompanying chart shows, one study found that over the past 30 years, intangible assets constituted an increasingly large component of companies’ market value.
Intangible assets have grown increasingly valuable
Components of S&P 500 market value
Source: Ocean Tomo (2015), "2015 Annual Study of Intangible Asset Market Value". For illustrative purposes only.
Three ways to incorporate ESG
The growing interest in ESG is causing a paradigm shift in the investment world. While there are many approaches, ESG investments generally fall into one of three categories.
Socially responsible investing (SRI)
This approach typically aims to avoid companies or sectors with bad ESG practices, such as poor corporate behaviour. After applying negative screens or positive filters to their investable universes, SRI strategies are able to invest in only a portion of their benchmark indices. Since SRI strategies are a first-generation approach to ESG investing, dating back more than 20 years, they currently make up the bulk of the ESG market.
Part of the SRI landscape, impact investing aims to create a positive social and environmental impact along with a positive financial return. Impact investments frequently focus on one or more of the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals, such as providing access to clean energy or clean water, but they can also focus on areas such as providing quality education and gender equality. With this approach, there is a causal connection between making an investment and generating an impact.
This is a “next-generation” approach that we follow at Allianz Global Investors for our mainstream investment strategies. It is built around conducting deep, proprietary research on corporate ESG risks and opportunities. Integrated ESG portfolios are not constrained by ESG filters that narrow the investable universe; instead, portfolio managers make an educated ESG risk/return trade-off across all potential holdings – with a special focus on avoiding ESG tail risks. For example, a portfolio manager who wants to invest in a lithium company for exposure to the electric-vehicle revolution would need to consider whether its manufacturing operations could be shut down for safety or pollution reasons.
ESG and active investing
Corporate ESG issues are seldom black or white. That’s why in our view, the practice of packaging up complex issues into passive ESG indices by indiscriminately applying rules-based criteria and third-party ESG research holds relatively little prospect of success. Active investment strategies, on the other hand, can build ESG factors into a portfolio in a far more flexible way by allowing access to securities that are mechanically “screened out” by many passive sustainability strategies. We believe it is in this broader opportunity set where the most attractive investment prospects are often found.
Another benefit of an active approach to ESG investing is active engagement between portfolio managers and corporate management teams. Our integrated ESG approach aims to improve how companies perform on financially material ESG issues by emphasising strong stewardship, consistent proxy voting and regular, direct contact with management. In this way, we aim to help corporations move towards more successful business outcomes – and help our clients improve their performance potential over the long term.
Learn more about our approach to active engagementWe’ve launched a new tool that provides real-time updates on how we are voting on resolutions at thousands of companies, alongside commentary on why we voted the way we did. We also invite you to learn more about our ESG approach by exploring how we integrate ESG criteria across the entire investment value chain.
Investing involves risk. The value of an investment and the income from it will fluctuate and investors may not get back the principal invested. Past performance is not indicative of future performance. This is a marketing communication. It is for informational purposes only. This document does not constitute investment advice or a recommendation to buy, sell or hold any security and shall not be deemed an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any security. The views and opinions expressed herein, which are subject to change without notice, are those of the issuer or its affiliated companies at the time of publication. Certain data used are derived from various sources believed to be reliable, but the accuracy or completeness of the data is not guaranteed and no liability is assumed for any direct or consequential losses arising from their use. The duplication, publication, extraction or transmission of the contents, irrespective of the form, is not permitted. This material has not been reviewed by any regulatory authorities. In mainland China, it is used only as supporting material to the offshore investment products offered by commercial banks under the Qualified Domestic Institutional Investors scheme pursuant to applicable rules and regulations. This document is being distributed by the following Allianz Global Investors companies: Allianz Global Investors U.S. LLC, an investment adviser registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission; Allianz Global Investors GmbH, an investment company in Germany, authorized by the German Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht (BaFin); Allianz Global Investors Asia Pacific Ltd., licensed by the Hong Kong Securities and Futures Commission; Allianz Global Investors Singapore Ltd., regulated by the Monetary Authority of Singapore [Company Registration No. 199907169Z]; Allianz Global Investors Japan Co., Ltd., registered in Japan as a Financial Instruments Business Operator [Registered No. The Director of Kanto Local Finance Bureau (Financial Instruments Business Operator), No. 424, Member of Japan Investment Advisers Association and Investment Trust Association, Japan];and Allianz Global Investors Taiwan Ltd., licensed by Financial Supervisory Commission in Taiwan.
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